BreedingOn the following pages you will find the stallion directory for the 2004 breeding season. It is divided by breeds, within the breeds by post codes, and contains information regarding the address and phone number (if known) of the stallion owners; where there is a co-owner, the co-owner's address and phone number are also given in brackets. Stallions are listed with their names, registration number, colour, sire and dam, and the result of their performance tests.
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In accordance with the ruling of the extraordinary general meeting of November 18th, 2000 at Veitshoechheim, the directory also contains, for the first time, the result of the approval, inspection, and registration. This is explained in greater detail below.
Purebred stallions who have an asterisk (*) before their names in the alphabetical list, have either been approved according to the former animal breeding laws and performance tested, or approved for other breeds in addition to the registration for purebred Arabian breeding.
Owners of Shagya-Arabian, Anglo-Arabian, and partbred mares as well as mares with a Birth Certificate, who wish to use a purebred stallion, must make sure that the stallion they chose has an asterisk in front of his name, as only these marked stallions are allowed to cover non-purebred mares. For foals by other stallions, only a Birth Certificate may be issued.
To emphasize the difference between the stallions with and without an asterisk, we have also separated them in the directory within their postal code areas and in the alphabetical list. Please note the appropriate headings.
We hope to make the use of a directory a little easier this way. If you have any questions, please ask at the administration office.
This stallion directory includes all stallions registered until November 30th 2001. Horses that have been added or deleted from December 1st 2001 will be be listed in the supplement. We cannot vouch for the correctness of the data.
Explanation of the data for each stallion:
As mentioned above, each stallion is listed with his name, number, colour, sire, dam, breeder and owner with owner's address and phone number. For several years already, we have been publishing the results of performance tests, which Shagya-Arabians, Arabian-bred horses, Anglo-Arabians and Partbred Arabians must have passed until they turn 6 years old unless they have been granted an extension. In the case of stallions who pass their test in endurance riding, the term is extended until their 9th birthday.
In addition, this stallion directory also includes the results of the registration inspection. Until 1989, the animal breeding laws demanded a state approval for all stallions used for breeding, including of course all Arabian breeds. When the laws were changed in accordance with EU rules, the responsibility of selecting breeding animals passed from the state departments to the breed societies. The German breeders of purebred Arabians decided to follow the directives of the World Arabian Horse Organisation (WAHO), according to which every stallion whose pedigree qualifies him as a purebred may be registered and used for breeding if so requested by the owner.
In 1990, all purebred stallions who were to be used for breeding had to be shown at two central inspections in spring and autumn. From 1991 to 1993, the participation in these central inspections was voluntary. While central inspections and gradings were held, participation was not mandatory. Many stallions were registered after being inspected at home. The inspection consisted of identifying the stallion according to his colour and markings, taking his measurements (height at the withers, circumference of the barrel and bone below the knee). In addition, each stallion had to be examined for anomalies of the teeth and/or testicles, and blood typed. The result of the veterinary examination had no influence on the stallion's use as a breeding horse, even if anomalies of the teeth and/or testicles were found. These results were purely for the information of the stallion owner and treated discreetly by the society.
During the central inspections in 1990 and 1992 at Aachen, the stallions, shown there on a voluntary basis, were evaluated in five categories (type, head and neck, body and topline, legs, movements) with a point score extending to 20; i.e. the highest possible score was 100. From 1994, the evaluation system was changed to the system of the former state approvals, using the categories breed and gender type, quality of conformation, correctness, walk, drive and elasticity, overall appearance and development, overall impression, with a score between 1 and 10 in each category.
Since 1994, the presentation of stallions at a central inspection is mandatory, including identification, measuring, veterinary examination, blood typing, and since October 1999, a SCID test, and presentation and inspection of the stallions on level ground. This concludes the mandatory part of the inspection. It is followed on a voluntary basis by further evaluation of the stallions in hand, walking and trotting, and turned loose. On the basis of this presentation, the stallions are graded as follows:
Gold Ribbon (G.) for stallions, who are rated at least 8 for breed and gender type, overall appearance and development, and no less than 5 in any other category.
These stallions are considered premium stallions.
Until April 2000, a junior champion and reserve and a senior champion and reserve were selected from the gold ribbon stallions. The junior and senior champion then competed for the title of overall champion. Since October 2000, the overall championship has been cancelled, so there are only a junior and a senior champion.
Silver Ribbon (S.) for stallions, who are rated at least 7 for breed and gender type, overall appearance and development, and no less than 5 in any other category.
White Ribbon (W.) for stallions, who are rated at least 6 for breed and gender type, overall appearance and development, and no less than 5 in any other category.
From 1994 to 1996, all other stallions that were presented in hand and turned loose, and scored below 6 for breed and gender type and overall appearance and development, were given a green ribbon. Since 1997, no green ribbons have been given. All stallions scoring below 6 in the categories mentioned, receive no ribbon, but are registered as breeding horses if their owner so desires.
Purebred stallions that are to be approved for the other Arabian breeds, must be rated at least 7 in breed and gender type and overall appearance and development, and no lower than 5 in any other category. They must stand at least 14.3 hh and, since 1999, have to take part in the free jumping. These stallions are inspected by a separate committee. If approved, they must pass a performance test in accordance with the Breeding Directives.
The breeders of Shagya-Arabians, Arabian-bred horses, Anglo-Arabians and Partbred Arabians also discussed the changes in the animal breeding laws and considered how to deal with the abolition of the state approval for stallions.
In 1990 and 1991, the stallions of this breed were registered in Stallion Register I and Stallion Register II. Stallion Register II does not take part in the breeding programme. This means that foals by sires in Stallion Register II are only issued a Birth Certificate. Horses in Stallion Register I participate in the breeding programme. In 1990 and 1991, Stallion Register I was divided into Ia, Ib, and Ic. Stallion Register Ia contained horses that would have been premium stallions, Stallion Register Ib those who would have been graded and approved, and Stallion Register Ic those who showed deficiencies in various categories. Since 1992, grading and approval was reintroduced for these breeds in form of a society grading, and the sections a, b, and c of Stallion Register I were cancelled.
This stallion directory contains information based on the various methods of grading described above. At first glance, this may appear hard to follow. The explanations above should help to clear the matter.
The following information on the registration are published in the directory: