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Anglo Arabians

Anglo Arabians

The Anglo-Arab as a breed originated in France. During the first half of the 19th century, horses of Arabian origin as well as horses of the English "racing breed" had proven their value as cavalry horses; Arabians with their endurance, their valour and their hardliness, and the English horses with their speed and their willingness to perform.

Thus it seemed only natural to combine the virtues of both breeds into an ideal breed of cavalry horse. 
 


After a few isolated attempts, the national stud at Pompadour under M. de Bonneval and especially under his successor Eugéne Gayot, began a large-scale experiment by breeding Arabian stallions to Thoroughbred mares.

In 1823, a studbook was begun which registered only Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and products of crosses between these beds.

The original aim was - Similarto the Trakehner in Germany - to breed a particularly athletic, hardy, and thrifty horse for the cavalry.

 
After World War I, it changed to a versatile Sports horse. It is interesting to note that besides jumping, dressage, and eventing, the horses were also bred for racing.

The success of numerous French Anglo-Arabs in Sports and the positive influence of Anglo-Arab stallions on light horse breeding in France (Selle Francais) made the breed popular and also led to many Imports lo Germany.
 

The French Anglo-Arab Nana Sahib was a successful sire at Trakehnen during the 20s; after the War, the Polish Anglo-Arabs Ramzes and Kurde influenced German Sports horse breeding in a very positive way.

Since 1971, many French Anglo-Arab stallions have been used in German warmblood breeding, of which the best known are Inschallah, Kallistos, and Matcho. Many other French Anglo-Arab stallions are listed at sires of successful Sports horses, and others have been used with great success in breeding riding ponies.

 
Besides France, only Poland has developed a notable Anglo-Arab breed, the Malopolska. On the other hand, the French Anglo-Arab was developed along similar lines as the Trakehner in Germany. One might call the Anglo-Arab the French Trakehner, or vice-versa, the Trakehner the German Anglo-Arab.

In all other countries, Anglo-Arab breeding is usually confined to unrelated 1st Generation crosses. Some oft these crosses have resulted in great Sports horses, like the Dutch-bred show jumper Rex the Robber.
 


The definition of an Anglo-Arab is not always easy.

According to EU regulations, the rules of the "mother stud book" in France apply, which demand at least 25% Arabian blood.

Besides purebred Arabians and Thoroughbreds, the ancestors may also include Shagya-Arabians. 
The French stud book also permits breeding stock from Anglo-Arab dam lines that contain a lower percentage Arabian blood, as long as they are bred to stallions with a higher percentage, resulting in a foal with 25% or more Arabian blood.

The division of the studbook into "purebred" and "partbred" Anglo-Arabs (the latter bred on the basis of French native mares with a high percentage of Arabian blood) was given up some time ago.
  


The appearance of the Anglo-Arabian tends to vary, as it is based on two different breeds. He is usually between 15.1 and 16.1 hh tall and should be refined, well-muscled, balanced, with medium strength of bone, powerful and swinging movements and good jumping ability with quick reaction.

The pronounced sensitivity and willingness to perform are ideal for Sports riders as well as amateurs. An example of successful German Anglo-Arab breeding is the stallion Troupier by Kallistos, who for many years took part in international eventing competitions, including world championships and Olympics. At the age of 18, he is still active in show jumping at advanced level for his junior rider.